Common Eye Conditions
If your vision has gradually changed with age, and things don’t seem quite as sharp or in focus as they used to, you may be suffering from cataracts, a clouding of the normally-transparent lens of the eye. Cataracts can be treated with a quick, outpatient procedure.
Open-angle glaucoma often has no symptoms until after vision loss has occurred. It is a leading cause of blindness, but if caught early it can be controlled. If you are African-American, have a relative with glaucoma, are diabetic or very nearsighted, you should have your eye pressure checked every year.
Narrow-angle glaucoma is much rarer and is very different from open-angle glaucoma in that eye pressure usually goes up very fast. There may be a feeling of fullness in the eye along with reddening, swelling and blurred vision. If not treated promptly, this glaucoma produces blindness in the affected eye in 3 to 5 days.
A red eye that does not clear up could be an indication of a condition called uveitis. Symptoms include light sensitivity, blurring of vision and pain or redness of the eye. There is a range of treatment options.
Retinal disease is any condition of the retina that results in loss of vision. Of the roughly 12 million Americans who suffer from diabetes, an estimated 90 percent will develop diabetic retinopathy.
Macular Degerneration is a retinal disease that occurs when the macula, an area at the retina at the back of the eye, begins to gradually deteriorate, usually because of age. A partial or total loss of central vision can occur. There are treatments available for some types of macular degeneration.
Have you ever turned your head quickly, thought you saw a small bug or a floating spot, and then reached out only to discover that there wasn’t really anything there? Sometimes these appear as a flash of light, rather than a spot. Floaters and flashes can be alarming. Usually, however, an eye examination will confirm that they are harmless and do not require any treatment.
Itching or burning of the eyes can be caused by dry eye. Excessive watering of the eye can also be a symptom. There are many causes and a variety of treatment options for this condition.
Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids. Redness of the eyelids, frequent sties or a sticky discharge may all be symptoms of this easily-treatable condition.